• Tue. Jul 16th, 2024

‘Climate policy’ is how the elite sustain economic growth

'Climate policy’ is how the elite sustain economic growth


Starting in the 1990s, at the end of the Cold War, climate change became a fixation for rich-country politicians and elites. 

There was relative peace and trust across the world, broad economic growth and swift progress being made against poverty.

In the capitals of Europe in particular, it felt like most of the planet’s big problems were fixed, so climate change was the final frontier. 

These proponents of climate action advocated with relish the goal of ending reliance on the very fossil fuels that had powered two centuries of astonishing growth. 

Sure, this would cost hundreds of trillions of dollars, but there would always be more growth. 

What a naïve, narrow-minded world view.

Time has not been kind to the foolish idea that climate change was humanity’s sole remaining problem — or that the planet would unite to solve it. 

Geopolitics and economics mean a rapid global transition from fossil fuels is impossible. 

As has long been clear for many, the majority of the world never shared this myopic focus on climate change.

Despite immense progress, in some countries life remains a battle against poverty, hunger and disease. 

Jobs and growth 

In many more countries, including India, the top priority is to create more jobs and life-changing growth and development.

Outside the most advanced economies, climate change has understandably always been a relatively low voter priority. 

Leaders from Europe and the United States talk up “net zero” as though it has global support.

But this unity is quickly revealed as a mirage.

For one thing, the destabilizing axis of Russia, Iran and North Korea are not about to support western efforts to solve climate change. 

Indeed, according to McKinsey, achieving the net-zero target would require Russian climate policies costing $273 billion every year — around three times what Russia spent on its military last year.

That won’t happen. 

The geopolitical challenges run even deeper.

China’s growth has relied on burning ever more coal.

It is the world’s preeminent greenhouse gas emitter, with the largest increase of any nation last year. 

Renewable energy made 40% of China’s primary energy in 1971, reducing to 7% by 2011 as it ramped up coal use.

Since then, renewables have inched up to 10%.

Strong climate action could cost China nearly a trillion dollars annually, hurting its journey toward becoming a rich nation. 

The reality is that most of the world will continue to focus on becoming richer, often with fossil fuels.

Russia and its ilk will ignore the fixation on climate change altogether. 

And China will make money from selling the West solar panels and electric cars, while only modestly curbing its own emissions. 

Driving a wedge 

As rich countries irresponsibly attempt to export the cost of climate policy to poor countries through carbon adjustment taxes, they will drive a further wedge into an already fractured world. 

Meanwhile, despite all the hype, wealthy countries have ever less money left for the climate fight.

Annual growth per person among rich countries declined from 4% in the 1960s to 2% in the 1990s.

It now hovers just above 1%. 

Many of these countries face pressure to spend more on defense, health care and infrastructure, as geopolitical pressures and changing demographics make their pathway to stability and growth far less certain. 

Yet across Europe and North America, single-minded zealots who were born of a world of relative calm of the 1990s continue to push for deindustrialization and immiseration to tackle climate change — including for the world’s emerging economies. 

This attempt is doomed to failure, not least because carbon reductions need to be sustained across decades and through shifting majorities. 

The economics of strong climate action was always deficient — and today this is blatantly
obvious. 

More politicians are realizing what former UK energy and net-zero secretary Claire Coutinho acknowledged: “You cannot heap costs onto struggling families to meet climate targets.” 

Already in Europe, voters are turning on politicians who have argued for less growth and prosperity in the name of climate change.

Strong climate policies that could cost each American more than $10,000 a year are doomed. 

These policies will make it more likely that voters turn to populist, nationalist leaders that will entirely abandon expensive net zero targets.

Then, climate policy will be in tatters. 

The world needs a better way forward.

The best solution is not to push people to be worse off by forcing a premature transition from fossil fuels to inadequate green alternatives.

Instead, we should ramp up investments in green innovation, eventually driving down the cost of clean energy to be cheaper than fossil fuels.

This is much cheaper and will allow everyone, including India and other emerging economies, to want to make the shift. 

Green innovation 

Rich countries need to wake up and stop hemorrhaging trillions in self-inflicted climate policies that will be followed by few, laughed at by many, and will mainly make China rich. 

Spending a small fraction of the climate trillions on green innovation would fix climate change.

This will allow us to focus the rest of our resources on education, defense, health care and the many other, important challenges in the 21st century. 

Bjorn Lomborg is president of the Copenhagen Consensus, visiting fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, and author of “False Alarm” and “Best Things First.” 



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